Reconciliation of Care and Work in Germany

Due to demographic changes the demand for care grows. Caregivers are often expected to be employed and to care at the same time while only some European welfare systems support the reconciliation of employment with family tasks explicitly. The chapter pays therefore particular attention to care arrangements in various countries across Europe on the one hand and the legal framework as well as opportunities and rights to access the support services like the long-term care-insurance in Germany on the other. Some care-arrangements encourage informal care-giving at home. We examine biographical aspects while analyzing the relationship between paid work and informal caregiving. Therefore this chapter adopts a dynamic life-course approach for the investigation of the compatibility of caregiving activities and work life. For this purpose longitudinal data of the German Pension Insurance is used to compare a ten year period in the lives of 1,849 female care providers.

The results show that for the older birth cohorts the combination of caregiving and employment was a rather short-lived arrangement. In the course of time the caregiving task is then abandoned. This is understandable on the background that it is difficult for women over age 40 to find new employment in Germany. More stable arrangements are the combination of caregiving with marginal employment as low-level labor market participation or caregiving alone as singular activity. Social change leads to an increasing number of women who combine caregiving and working and the younger cohorts are also able to sustain both activities for longer periods.


Christin Czaplicki; Tatjana Mika

Erschienen in

Isabella Crespi and Tina Miller (2013) "Family, Care and Work in Europe: an Issue of Gender?", eum edizioni, università di macerata, pp. 47-82


Vereinbarkeit; Pflege; Beruf; Deutschland


Letzte Änderung: 7.11.2013